Dr. Smith has been trained in two medical specialties.
Having studied Internal Medicine, Dr. Smith has been trained to provide care to adult patients suffering from a wide range of illnesses and diseases, ranging from the very common to the very rare. Dr. Smith is also trained in general medicine, and is capable of treating patients for diseases that may have overlapping symptoms or complications.
Internal medicine is a specialized field of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of all types of adult diseases. Due to the fact that there are thousands of different diseases and afflictions that affect adults, internists (physicians who practice internal medicine) often serve as primary care physicians to their patients.
Internists play a crucial role in the diagnosis of disease in adult patients and perform a variety of diagnostic procedures and tests to assist in this process. Internists are trained to perform and analyze blood tests, review family histories, review diagnostic imaging tests, skin tests, biopsies, stress tests and endoscopies, among many other procedures, depending upon the patient’s condition or apparent symptoms.
Doctors of internal medicine are prepared to provide treatment patients with diseases that relate to, or encompass, more than one bodily system. It is this expertise that allows internists to be the “puzzle solvers” of primary care when it comes to making diagnoses; internists are often consulted for their diagnostic capabilities when other primary care physicians are unable to arrive at the correct diagnosis.
Learn more about internal medicine at MD.com.
Having studied Geriatrics, Dr. Smith has been trained to provide comprehensive medical care for elderly and aging patients. As patients age, they may experience an increased susceptibility to illness and injury; in some cases illnesses or injuries may overlap, creating complicated diagnostic and treatment processes. Dr. Smith is trained to diagnose, treat and manage these and any related medical situations.
Geriatrics, or geriatric medicine, is a medical specialty focused on the treatment of illness and disease in older people. Because more than half of adults aged 65 or older have at least three or more overlapping medical conditions, extra diligence and care is necessary to ensure safe, effective treatment and management of their conditions. There is no set age for the time that a patient begins to see a geriatrician; it is based upon the individual’s medical needs and determined through discussions with the patient’s acting physician.
Geriatricians are trained to identify and treat the “geriatric giants,” which are the four main categories of deficiencies that begin to appear as a patient ages. These include (1) instability, (2) incontinence, (3) impaired intellect or memory and (4) immobility. By preparing for and treating against these incremental deficiencies, geriatricians can attempt to provide a better quality of life in patients and prevent other conditions that may arise out of the onset of these impairments.
Because geriatricians are familiar with the way people age and the effect it has on the body, they are able to provide comprehensive care that other physicians may not be capable of. Because the elderly may experience overlapping medical conditions, they will be often prescribed a variety of treatments and medications. It is the geriatrician’s duty to ensure that these treatments and medications safely coincide, being mindful of the fact that some combinations of medications may result in harmful interactions.
Learn more about geriatrics at MD.com.